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ANNIML 




FABIAN SOCIETY 

79th Annual Report 

1st JULY 1961 TO 30th JUNE 1962 



INTRODUCTION 

Two outstanding Socialists died during the year, both of them Fabians 
— R. H. Tawney and Hugh Dalton. No record of the year could be 
complete without a tribute to their memory. 

During the year, circumstances conspired to remind the wider public 
of the contributions made by Fabian Socialism to Britain and the world 
outside. Margaret Cole's much praised Story of Fabian Socialism met 
the great need for an accurate and up-to-date history. It was noticed in 
almost every newspaper worthy of the name, and has been particularly 
helpful in meeting the steady stream of inquiries from research students 
who write to, or call in at, the Society's head office. 

This has also been the year of the sixth edition of Fabian Essays, 
published by Allen and Unwin with four earlier prefaces, Shaw's 1948 
postscript and an excellent new introduction by Professor Asa Briggs. 
Finally, at a rather different level, it has been the year of the Society's 
first appearance on television — a not entirely satisfactory look at us in the 
B.B.C. political programme, Gallery. 

The new subscription rates led to a decrease in membership over the 
year, but it was not on a serious scale, and was financially more than 
covered by an increase in revenue. We do not like to lose members, how- 
ever, and various attempts to bring the Society to the attention of such 
potential new members as Parliamentary candidates were made during 
the year. 

Pamphlets published during the year dealt with many topics of cur- 
rent political interest and were widely reviewed in the press. Their impact 
on the controversies of the year was marked and a Tory Minister was even 
heard to say in a House of Commons debate that he hated to recommend 
the pamphlet but . . . The Bookshop maintained the higher level of receipts 
of the last three years — averaging nearly double the receipts of the three 
years before that. 



2 FABIAN SOCIETY 

The Young Fabians increased their membership to just under 200, most 
of them being members of the Society as well. Their third pamphlet. 
Mechanics of Victory, was published during the year, and the Group ran 
its own school at The Hallams, Guildford, in June. A number of research 
groups continued to meet regularly, and the Young Fabians also held 
monthly discussion meetings in London. 

The Society's own groups also flourished, and the main limit on new 
ones being set up was the administrative burden involved. The nationalised 
industries group completed its book, edited by Michael Shanks, and two 
others submitted drafts for pamphlets. A new group on scientific policy 
was established, and several others were proposed. 

Attendance at schools showed no improvement, partly because charges 
had to be raised owing to higher costs. The Easter school on international 
affairs was a very considerable success, but the summer schools and week- 
end schools did less well. Higher costs also raised the printing bills, and 
the number of pamphlets published consequently had to be reduced. It is 
hoped to raise the figure next year, when the higher printing costs can be 
budgeted for. 

By and large, it was a satisfactory year, and one that showed that 
Fabians now, as in the past, have much to contribute to the society. 



T'-'TH ANNUAL REPORT 3 

MEMBERSHIP 

The higher subscription rates have taken their toll of members, as 
was expected, but the loss has not been severe. The number of full 
members now stands at 2.601, a drop of 110 over the year. This more 
than wipes out the gain in members last year, but compares quite well 
with the figure for 1960 and for earlier years. The gain in revenue, needed 
to meet higher printing and administration costs, has been quite substantial. 

It is encouraging to note that the largest number of new members is 
in the four-guinea category. Nearly a thousand Fabians now subscribe 
to all the Society's publications, and this is a trend we hope to sustain. 
The Young Fabians have continued to increase in membership, and it is 
satisfactory that almost all of them are members of the Society as well. 

While the number of libraries subscribing to the Society has increased, 
the total of Labour Parties, trade unions and Co-operative Societies con- 
tinues to decline. In the year under review, Parliamentary candidates and 
others associated with the day-to-day political activity of the Movement 
have been approached to join the Society. A drive on Labour Parties, 
etc., is being planned. 

Last year two tables were given, reflecting the effect of subscription 
changes. This year, only one table is given. In comparing it with previous 
years it should be noted that the table shows the full effect of the higher 
rates. 

Membership Figures as at 30tli June, 1962 

NATIONAL MEMBERSHIP* 



Full members 
Associates 



1961 


1962 


Change 


2711 


2601 


—110 


79 


85 


+ 6 



* Includes subscribing bodies. 



-104 





84s. 


63s. 


42s.* 21s. 


C.B. 


LB. 


Total 


New members 


99 


3 


63 63 


19 


13 


260 


Resignations, etc. ... 


... 114 


17 


60 124 


40 


9 


364 



-15 —14 +3 —61 —21 +4 



* Includes FS/IB and FS/CB subscribers. 
SUBSCRIBING BODIES 



-104 





1961 


1962 


Change 


Labour Parties, Co-ops. T.Us. 


150 


141 


—9 


Libraries, etc. 


59 


86 


+ 27 


IKUX MEMBERS 








Commonwealth Bureau 


176 


155 


—21 


International Bureau 


67 


71 


+ 4 



4 lABIAN SOCIETY 

GENERAL 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

Members elected: John Diamond (Honorary Treasurer, unopposed) 
and, in order of ballot: A. Wedgwood Benn, Margaret Cole, Peter Towns- 
end, R. H. S. Grossman, Brian Abel-Smith, Mary Stewart, H. D. Hughes, 
Arthur Skeffington, John Parker, Thomas Balogh, Lord Faringdon, C. A. R. 
Crosland, W. T. Rodgers, George Thomson, Reginald Prentice, Robert 
Neild, H. J. Boyden. 

Members Co-opted: Stephen Hatch, John Hughes, Peter Shore, Betty 
Vernon and Rex Winsbury (Chairman, Young Fabian Group). 

COMMITTEES 

Members of the Committees appointed by the Executive Committee 
are listed in Appendix "A". 

DELEGATES 

Labour Party Conference: Shirley Williams. 

London Labour Party Conference: Arthur Skeffington, M.P. 

London Labour Party Executive Committee: Arthur Skeffington, M.P. 

OFFICERS 

C. A. R. Crosland, M.P., was elected Chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee; Mary Stewart, Vice<Lhairman; and John Parker, M.P., Honorary 
Secretary. John Diamond, M.P., had already been returned as Honorary 
Treasurer in the Annual Ballot. 

STAFF 

There were few staff changes in the year under review, and the Society 
benefited by this continuity. Among the eleven full-time members of the 
Staff, two left during the course of the year, the Bookshop Assistant, Peter 
Saben, and the secretary in the General Office, Leonora Kaye, who left 
to study music at the Royal Academy of Music. They were succeeded by 
Carole Bayley and Jane Scott. Tom Ponsonby, who started work as Assistant 
Secretary in October, 1961, has very quickly established himself as an 
excellent administrator. Subsequent to the period covered by this Report, 
Christine Watkins left the Society to get married. She will be missed as a 
most conscientious and generous member of the Staff. 

The only change among the three part-time members of the Staff was 
the appointment of John Syson, who became Assistant Secretary in the 
Commonwealth Bureau, after a short period in which the Bureau was 
without one. 

Three members of the Staff have now passed their 'ten-year test'. 
Gladys Cremer, Ben Hiunpage and Gertrude Ritchie have all been with 
the Society for a decade or more. The Society owes a great deal to them. 



79th annual report 5 

VOLUNTARY ASSISTANCE 

The Executive Committee would like to express gratitude to all those 
who help the Society by giving their time voluntarily. Dorothy Fox has 
now been secretary of the Local Societies Committee for eighteen years. 
and continues to do invaluable work in that field. The General Office is 
grateful to Mr. Edgar Holman, who comes in regularly to classify new 
members. The Commonwealth Bureau is much assisted by the work of 
Mrs. Scolefield Allen, Mr. Bradbury, Muriel Pease and Beatty Feder, and 
the Membership department by the work of Louise Moelwyn-Hughes. 

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING 

The Annual General Meeting was held at Caxton Hall on Saturday. 
25th November, 1961. The Annual Report and Statement of Accounts 
were accepted. A vote of thanks to Messrs. Pegg, Robertson and Co., for 
their services as Honorary Auditors, was carried unanimously, and they 
■were asked to serve for 1961/1962. 

Four members of the Executive Committee who had decided to retire 
from the Committee were accorded unanimous votes of thanks — Denis 
Healey. Peggy Jay, Roy Jenkins and Michael Shanks. 

An amendment to Rule 2 moved by Ronald Maude, was lost; so 
was an amendment to Rule 9 moved by Otto litis. A resolution moved by 
Stephen Hatch was accepted by the Executive Committee. It read: 

This meeting considers that the value of the Society's work for 
the Labour Movement could be increased. It therefore requests the 
Executive Committee to make a critical review of the Society's activi- 
ties, with particular reference to the audience reached by the Society, 
in order that the Society may make a more effective and purposeful 
impact. 

REGIONAL MEETINGS 

In February a Regional Members' meeting was held in Manchester. 
This resulted in the re-formation of the North-West Regional Committee. 

SUMMER SCHOOLS 1961 

Two weeks of family summ^er schools were held at St. David's College, 
Lampeter, Cardiganshire. The first school from 29th July— 5th August, was 
entitled "SociaHsm and Social Values". The lecturers were Lionel Elvin, 
Albert Hunt, Alan Lovell, Dennis Potter, Bernard WiUiams and Richard 
Wollheim. The Director was W. T. Rodgers. Sylvia Rodgers acted as Family 
Director and Jim Wade as Secretary. A particularly pleasing aspect of this 
school was the attendance of a party of 15 German students from the 
Friedrich-Ebert Institute. 

The second week's school, from 5th August-12th August, was entitled, 
"Social Democracy and Society". It was directed by George Thomson, 
M.P., with Grace Thomson as Family Director and Jim Wade, then Shirley 



6 FABIAN SOCIETY 

Williams, as Secretary. The lecturers were John Greve, A. H. Halsey, Hugh 
Morris, Anthony Sampson, Eirene White, M.P., Ben Segal and Shirley 
Williams. A total of 116 people attended the two schools, 25 being children. 
The Danish Summer School was held at Fakse Ladeplads, 40 miles 
south of Copenhagen. The programme of lectures and visits was arranged 
by the Danish People's Holiday Association. The Director was John Parker, 
M.P., and Zena Parker was Secretary. There were 35 full-time and 1 part- 
time students. 

WEEK-END SCHOOLS 

Seven week-end schools were held, including those organised by the 
Commonwealth Bureau, Local Societies Committee and the Young Fabian 
Group. The total attendance was 314, of which 45 attended the Young 
Fabian School and 31 the Local Societies School. The Autumn School on 
"Science and Politics" was held at •'Oakhurst", Hastings, the Director being 
Fred Peart, M.P. The lectures were given by Arthur Gaitskell, John Maddox. 
Stanley Mayne. Anthony Smith and the Director. 

The New Year School on "Crime in our Society" was held at Beatrice 
Webb House and was directed by Lord Longford. The speakers were 
Christophen Mayhew, M.P., Terence Morris, Lord Stonham, Baroness 
Wootton and the Director. 

The Commonwealth Bureau School was held at Queen Elizabeth 
House, Oxford, and the Local Societies Committee's School at the Rookery, 
Oxford. 

As usual the Easter School was held at Beatrice Webb House. The 
school was directed by Anthony Wedgwood Benn, the lecturers being: Cherif 
Guellal, Colin Legum, David Marquand, Hella Pick, Leonard Shapiro 
and the Director. 

In May the Spring School on "Socialism and the Mass Media" was 
held at "Oakhurst", near Hastings. Bernard Williams directed this school 
and the lecturers were Jack Ashley, Harvey Cole, Anthony Howard and 
the Director. 

Finally, the Young Fabian School was held at The Hallams, Guildford, 
in late June. 

AUTUMN LECTURES 

The 1961 series of four Autumn Lectures, held at the Livingstone Hall, 
London, in November, was entitled, "The Arts, Communication and 
Society". Individual lectures were given by Edward Shils on "The Serious, 
The Frivolous and the Brutal" ; by John Beavan on "The Impact of the 
Press on the Public"; by Richard Wollheim on "Communication and Com- 
mitment" and by Raymond Williams on "The Existing Alternatives". The 
series was held in conjunction with the Central London Fabian Society, 
and had an average attendance of 145. Two of the lectures were subsequently 
published as pamphlets. 



79th annual report ' 

FESTIVAL OF LABOUR 

In connection with the Festival in June, the Society held a luncheon 
at the House of Commons which was attended by 100 people. Hugh 
Gaitskell, M.P., took the chair and Professor P. M. S. Blackett and Professor 
R. M. Titmuss spoke. 

An exhibition of the Society's work was held in the affiliated organisa- 
tions arcade at Battersea Park during the week-end of 16th/17th June. A 
large number of people visited it and many enquiries were answered. 

YOUNG FABIAN GROUP 

During the year the Young Fabian Group published only one pamphlet. 
The Mechanics of Victory, which dealt with the organisation and finances 
of the Labour Party. An article based on some of the material appeared 
in the New Statesman. 

Two study groups completed their work — one on National Assistance, 
whose pamphlet has since come out, and one on Housing, a report from 
which has been accepted for publication by Socialist Commentary. A third 
group, on the Co-ops, came near to finishing its project. Other study 
groups in action were concerned with the Comprehensive Schools and 
Economic Planning. 

The Young Fabian Study Group on the Press gave evidence to the 
London Labour Party, at their request, on the feasibility of a Labour 
evening paper in London. 

A day school on Cuba was held in December, after the Annual General 
Meeting. Speeches were given by Mrs. Joan Robinson, Nick Howard. 
Richard Pryke, Chris Jecchinis, and Jaime Garcia. A series of evening 
meetings was also held; it is hoped to develop these further. 

In June, the third Young Fabian week-end school was held at the 
Hallams, Guildford, on Progress, Planning and Affluence. Lecturers were 
George Woodcock, Tony Crosland, Michael Posner, John Hughes, and 
Philip Abrams. 

Membership at the end of the year was 185. The officers during it 
were Rex Winsbury, Chairman; Stephen Hatch, Vice-Chairman; Tony 
Rees, Secretary; and Mary Mcintosh, Hon. Treasurer. 

PUBLICATIONS 

Thirteen pamphlets were published during the year, a drop from the 
previous year owing to an increase in printer's charges. Some 25,000 
pamphlets were distributed to members of the Society, and another 20,000 
were sold. 30,000 copies of Fabian News were sent out, and 16,700 copies 
of Venture. The total amount of publications distributed free to members 
amounted to about 72,000 in all. 

The range of newspapers and journals interested in Fabian pamphlets 
continued to be a wide one. Several leaders appeared in the columns of 
national newspapers mentioning Fabian pamphlets. Particularly noteworthy 



g FABIAN SOCIETY' 

were the considerable number of leading articles in The Guardian and The 
Times; altogether there were 21 full-page or leading reviews in national or 
leading provincial newspapers and in well-known weekly journals. Fabian 
pamphlets were noticed in such publications as The Economist, Tribune, The 
Spectator, The Statist, The Farmer and Stockbreeder, Taxes, Town Planning. 
Nature, The Quarterly Journal, the journal of the Society of Housing 
Managers, Yorkshire Post, The Estates Gazette, Balham News, Education. 
and New Dawn, to mention only some of them. 

Fabian News appeared monthly as usual, fulfilling its valuable task 
of a house magazine, and Venture circulated to some 1,550 members a 
month. The scope of this publication was considerably widened to include 
more articles of general interest, dealing with such topics as Pan-Africanism 
and the Afro-Asian group at the UN, as well as the regular features. The 
Young Fabian group also produced a valuable monthly bulletin from 1961 
onwards for nearly 200 Young Fabians. 

During the year the following were published: 

Research Series 

224. The Housing Problem. John Greve. 

225. The Farmer and Europe. Lord Walston. 

226. A Plan for Road Safety. Barbara Preston. 
227 United Nations on Trial. David Ennals. 

228. Education for Commonwealth Students in Britain. Patrick 

Lancaster. 

229. New Towns for Old. J. B. Cullingworth. 

Tracts 

332. Aden, the Protectorates and the Yemen. Reginald Sorensen. 

333. Disarmament: Finnegan's Choice. Wayland and Elizabeth 

Young. 

334. The Structure of Higher Education. A Fabian Group. 

335. Trade Unions in Opposition. Ken Alexander and John Hughes 

336. Not with Europe. William Pickles. 

339. The Existing Alternatives in Communications. Raymond 
Williams. 

Young Fabian Publications 

3. The Mechanics of Victory. Young Fabian Group. 

Others 

Fabian News. Eleven Issues. 
Venture. Eleven Issues. 
78th Annual Report. 



79th annual report " 

BOOKSHOP 

Demand for Fabian pamphlets was well maintained during the year: 
the revenue of £1,150 produced by the Bookshop was the same as last 
year. William Pickles' Not with Europe made a substantial contribution 
to this satisfactory result. It was the runaway best seller of the year and 
one of the very few Fabian pamphlets to sell at the rate of a thousand 
copies a month. Other pamphlets which sold well were John Greve's 
Housing Problem, The Structure of Higher Education, which was a re- 
print of the memorandum submitted to the Robbins Committee on Higher 
Education, A Plan for Road Safety and Education for Commonwealth 
Students. 

There have been some major improvements in the general set up of 
the Bookshop. It has been redecorated and looks much brighter. A 
number of stands have been acquired from paper-back publishers and books 
are being displayed more effectively. The Bookshop continues to do a 
substantial postal order business, much of it with overseas customers. 



10 FABIAN SOCIETY 

HOME RESEARCH DEPARTMENT 

Chairman : H. D. Hughes Secretary : Shirley Williams 

Five Home Research pamphlets were pubhshed during the year 
under review, and two others, The Farmer and Europe and Not with 
Europe were produced under the joint auspices of the Department and the 
International Bureau. Once again, two of the pamphlets appeared in the 
series ' Socialism in the Sixties '. These were The Structure of Higher 
Education and Trade Unions in Opposition. 

The Department's publications in 1961-62 concentrated on some of 
the crucial social issues of the day — education, housing, town planning and 
urban renewal. A good deal of attention was paid by the daily Press and 
by more specialised journals to Fabian recommendations in these fields, 
especially those relating to housing and education. 

The Structure of Higher Education, published in October, was a short 
statement on the administration of a greatly expanded and reformed system 
of higher education in Britain. The work of a group of Fabians interested 
in education, many of them professionally, the pamphlet was first produced 
as a submission to the Robbins Committee. The group looked at the 
rapidly increasing demand for higher education, and estimated that demand 
for places might leap from over 300,000 in 1969 to some 730,000 in 1979. It 
considered the organisation of the University Grants Committee, and 
decided that this form of financing educational institutions should be 
extended to Teacher Training Colleges and Colleges of Advanced Tech- 
nology, while making the U.G.C. accountable to Parliament through an 
annual report. Finally, the group proposed a National Higher Education 
Authority on an ad hoc basis, supported by Regional Authorities. These 
would co-ordinate the work of the various institutions of higher education 
falling within their area of authority. 

John Greve's The Housing Problem showed that Britain is still far 
from providing decent housing for all her citizens. The author considered 
that between 375,000 and 475,000 new houses a year were needed, to meet 
new demand, rehouse those in slums, and replace obsolete property. Differing 
interest rates, a new system of subsidies, and co-operative housing were 
all reviewed as ways of contributing to the solution of the problem. This 
pamphlet was widely noticed, especially in trade union journals. 

One subject tackled for the first time was road safety in A Plan for 
Road Safety, by Barbara Preston. This was brought out in time for the 
Parliamentary debates on the Road Traffic Act, and was found useful by a 
number of M.P.s. The author analysed the road accident statistics, looked 
at experiences abroad, and made a number of proposals for legislation and 
local government action to improve road safety. 

The Department's series on town and country planning problems was 
continued by a study of urban renewal, J. B. CuUingworth's New Towns 



79th annual report 



It 



for Old. Central to the author's conclusions is the thesis that planning 
must again become a positive responsibility of government, if urban sprawl, 
serious congestion in the south-east and serious decline in the north are 
to be avoided. The author favoured comprehensive redevelopment, pointed 
out that this often required certain compulsory powers, and entered a plea 
for an Urban Renewal Service to advise smaller authorities. 

On industrial problems, one pamphlet dealt with the controversial 
problems of wages policy and trade union attitudes. In Trade Unions in 
Opposition, Ken Alexander and John Hughes demostrated how a Con- 
servative electoral cycle had been super-imposed on the cycle of recession 
and boom in the last decade. The start-stop economy is not one that 
encourages steady growth, and the authors indicated how wage costs rose 
faster in years when expansion was deliberately held back. The pamphlet 
outlined a central strategy for the unions in making wage demands and 
advocated increases for the most lowly-paid as a first priority. 

One of the Home Research Groups, that on nationalised industries, 
delivered the manuscript of a book to the publishers during the year, and 
this is expected to be out next year. Two other groups submitted drafts 
for possible publication, one on public ownership and one on management. 
Groups on industrial injuries and on a critique of the Ingleby Report met 
from time to time, and there is every reason to anticipate pamphlets on 
both of these subjects. A new group on the relations of Government to 
scientific research was established during the year, and met several times. 

At the end of the year, pamphlets on insurance, industrial democracy, 
redundancy, the trade unions, company law, population growth and the 
schools were all either completed or nearly completed. At least another 
35 projects were under way, and two new groups were in process of being 
organised. 



^^ FABIAN SOCIETT 



COMMONWEALTH BUREAU 

Chairman: Arthur Creech Jones Secretary: Margaret Roberts 

The future of the Commonwealth in a rapidly changing world has 
absorbed much of the attention of the Commonwealth Bureau this year. 
The need for radical thought on this subject has been high-lighted by 
Britain's negotiations to join the Common Market, and by the continued 
rapid pace of de-colonisation in the Caribbean as well as in Africa. It 
became clear that the work of the Bureau fell into two relatively distinct 
categories. First, Britain's continued responsibilities in the remaining depen- 
dencies—now consisting largely of the settler areas of Africa, and the 
smaller territories — entail constant pressure and comment on the activities 
of the British Colonial Office ; and secondly, those areas of British policy 
which affect the good health of the Commonwealth as an institution demand 
our concern with a wider range of subjects and wider aspects of British 
foreign policies than we have hitherto considered to be part of our task. 
Thus, for example, regional economic development and the progress of 
Pan-Africanism clearly concern the Commonwealth intimately, and at the 
same time bring us into contact with areas previously considered outside 
its purview. 

For this reason, the Committee of the Commonwealth Bureau, together 
with that of the International Bureau, agreed to an Executive proposal to 
establish a Joint Committee of the two Bureaux to meet regularly to deal 
with problems of overlap between the two Bureaux. It held its first meet- 
ing in May. This development is part of a process, which continues to 
preoccupy the Bureau, of setting the Commonwealth in its international 
perspective, and of formulating institutions within the Society to reflect 
a proper division of functions. 

The year saw a number of staff changes. In July the Society accepted, 
with deep regret, the resignation of Hilda Selwyn-Clarke, who has been 
with us for 14 years. She remained with us as Advisor to the new Secre- 
tary, Miss Margaret Roberts, formerly Assistant Secretary. In April, 1962. 
John Syson was appointed half-time Assistant Secretary. 

Publications 

In 1961 we published Reginald Sorensen's pamphlet, Aden, the Protec- 
torates and the Yemen, which explains the background to an area of British 
responsibility about which too little is known, and whose problems are 
therefore assuming dangerous proportions for lack of public attention and 
foresight. The pamphlet will continue to provide an important reference 
point during the coming period of negotiations for South Arabian unity. 

Patrick Lancaster's Education for Commonwealth Students was pub- 
lished in April, 1962. It received widespread notice in the British and some 
Commonwealth press and on the British radio. Mr. Lancaster brought 



79th annual report 13 

together the facts about the influx of Commonwealth students to Britain, 
pointed out the problems which arise from the ad hoc and unco-ordinated 
arrangements for their selection and placement, and drew several important 
conclusions for better institutions to handle overseas students in Britain. 

Venture 

Much attention has been given to improving the format of Venture 
and widening its field of interest. On both these aspects of production 
discussions continue. A special Editorial Sub-Committee was established 
to deal with the details of Venture production. We have paid more atten- 
tion this year to older members of the Commonwealth, and to problems 
of economic development and the grovi^h of regional economic and political 
groupings in which Commonwealth members are involved. Eleven issues 
were published, and the articles included: 

' Trade Unions and Politics — Kenya and Tanganyika ' by David 
Savage. 

' Must there be a Ceiling on Aid? ' by Hilary Marquand. 

' Canada's New Democratic Party ' by Francis Eady. 

' Approach to African Unity ' by Margaret Roberts. 

' Commonwealth Immigration ' by Patrick Gordon Walker. 

' Land Development in Malaya ' by John Dore. 

' Nigerian Leadership ' by Bankole Akpata. 

' Protection for Minorities in Africa ' by Margaret Mackenzie. 

' Kenya : the Crisis behind the Crisis ' by Guy Barnett. 

' Portugal, Angola and NATO ' by Carlos Cambando. 
During the year we also published a Special Issue of Venture. Appear- 
ing in June, 1962, it took the form of a report of the Bureau Conference 
on the Commonwealth held in January (see below). 

Parliamentary Work 

The scale of activity on the colonial front, including many constitu- 
tional conferences and important debates, kept up the pace of Parliamentary 
work in the Bureau. We succeeded in getting a number of issues raised in 
the House, including economic development and the problem of political 
refugees in the High Commission Territories and their relations with the 
Republic of South Africa; freedom of association in Northern Rhodesia 
and the progress of technical education in Central Africa generally; the 
sugar price in Fiji ; television in Malta ; and Britain's financial contribution 
to Tanganyika's economy at independence. We also briefed some of our 
members before the debates on colonial and Commonwealth matters ; and 
made representations to the Colonial Office on immigration, the 'Lost 
Counties' of Uganda, and Northern Rhodesia. 

No less important was the work the Bureau undertook for delegates 
to constitutional conferences in London, and our arrangements for them 



14 FABIAN SOCIETY 

to meet M.P.s and members of the Press. Among delegates we have helped 
in this way have been Ugandans, Basutos, Northern Rhodesians, Adenese. 
Mauritians and Swazis. The Committee entertained to lunch visitors from 
Tanganyika, Jamaica. Mauritius, Kenya, Northern Rhodesia, Swaziland. 
Zanzibar, Singapore, Malaya and the Windward and Leeward Islands. We 
also received visitors in the office from Nigeria, Aden, Ghana, Canada and 
other parts of the Commonwealth. Contact has been established with the 
new Tanganyika High Commissioner in London. 

Conference 

A highly successful Conference was held in January at Queen Elizabeth 
House, Oxford, to discuss the future role of the Commonwealth in inter- 
national affairs. Speakers were Kenneth Kirkwood, Sir Andrew Cohen, 
Tom Soper, Lionel Elvin, George Bennett, Colin Legum and Patrick 
Keatley. All the Commonwealth High Commissions were invited to send 
a representative, and much of the success of the week-end's discussion must 
be attributed to the fact that many of them did so. A summary of the 
speeches and the discussion was published in a special expanded issue of 
Venture. 

Weekend School 

The office also assisted in planning the Whitsun School of the Central 
London Fabians on the subject of ' Modern Africa.' 

Discussion Group 

The series of discussion meetings ' Socialism for Africa ' were resumed 
in the autumn, and were held fortnightly. Their purpose is to provoke 
thinking and discussion about socialism between African and British 
socialists, and the introductory remarks are very short. Speakers have 
included Dr. Thomas Balogh, Charles Patterson of the LIniversity of Cali- 
fornia, and Bola Ellas of Nigeria. 

We are deeply indebted to our voluntary workers who are mentioned 
elsewhere. 



79th annual report 15 

INTERNATIONAL BUREAU 

Chairman: Anthony Wedgwood Benn. Secretary: Tom Ponsonby 

Five pamphlets have been published during the year, including Aden, 
The Protectorates and the Yemen (July, 1961), by Reginald Sorensen, which 
was a joint publication with the Commonwealth Bureau. The other four 
pamphlets were: 

Disarmament: Finnegan's Choice (September, 1961), by Wayland and 
Elizabeth Young, argued the case for general and comprehensive disarma- 
ment. The Youngs believed that with such a system the Soviet Union 
could be brought to accept inspection, and the United States could be 
brought to accept stage by stage reductions in arms expenditure. 

The Farmer and Europe (January, 1962), by Lord Walston, considered 
what would happen to agriculture in Britain, if this country joins the 
Common Market. The author worked out a plan for transition to an 
efficient and competitive European agricultural industry. He also proposed 
a system of pensions linked to purchase of uneconomic farms as a way 
of combining economic production with social justice. This was published 
jointly with the Home Research Department. 

United Nations on Trial (March, 1962), by David Ennals was published 
in reply to Lord Home's speech at Berwick attacking the U.N. The author 
argued the case for a more dynamic U.N. and a more representative 
Security Council. 

Not With Europe: The Political Case for Staying Out (April, 1962), 
by William Pickles, closely argued the case against British membership 
of the European Economic Community. He pointed out that the com- 
munity was dominated by laissez-faire interests combined with federalists, 
and that the highly-trained bureaucrats who run it are not effectively 
controlled by democratic institutions. He believed that it was the wrong 
international grouping for this country to join and that it would quickly 
destroy our links with the Commonwealth. This pamphlet was also pub- 
lished jointly with the Home Research Department. 

At the end of the year work was going ahead on pamphlets dealing 
with Military Bases, Propaganda in the Cold War, The Indian Economy, 
Post-war Japan, East Germany, Worker's Self-Management in Yugoslavia, 
and Soviet relations with her satellite states. 

One House of Commons meeting was held during the year when 
Clemens Alfermann spoke on ' The Role of German Trade Unions To-day.' 
A successful Easter School, which was directed by the Bureau's Chairman, 
dealt with ' Neutralism and the West.' 



16 FABIAN SOCIETY 

LOCAL SOQETIES 

Chairman : Arthur SkefiBngton Secretary : Dorothy Fox 

MEMBERSHIP 

The financial year of Local Societies runs from 1st April to 31st March. 
Comparative membership figures (affiliation fees, fully paid) for the last 
three years are: 

1st April, 1959— 31st March, 1960 ... 1,926 (77 Societies) 
1st April, 1960— 31st March, 1961 ... 1,871 (73 Societies) 
1st April, 1961— 31st March, 1962 ... 1,962 (73 Societies) 

These figures exclude membership in Aberdeen, Barnsley, Bridgwater, 
Clapham, Harlow, Norwich and Pontypool from whom affiliation fees are 
outstanding. 

During the year 8 Societies were deleted: Bournemouth, Carlisle, Nor- 
wood, Oldham, Portsmouth, St. Helens, South Dorset, and West Middlesex. 

In the same period seven Societies were recognised: Crawley, East 
Kilbride, Fulham and Hammersmith, Greenock (re-formed), Maidstone (re- 
formed). North-west Middlesex and Ruskin College. It is hoped that 
Societies will shortly be recognised in South-east London and South-east 
Essex. Conveners are working in Basildon, Glenrothes, Leamington and 
Stockton. It is hoped to revive Hartlepools, Belfast and Dorking. 

MEETINGS AND CONFERENCES 

The columns of Fabian News illustrate the wide variety of meetings 
and conferences arranged by Local Societies. One of the outstanding events 
was a conference on the New Universities arranged, at the suggestion of the 
office, by Brighton Fabian Society. This received nation-wide press cover- 
age, and a similar conference is being arranged this autumn at York. Central 
London has continued with weekly meetings and four week-end schools. 

Walthamstow Fabian Society held a series of discussions under the 
heading Socialism in a New Age and produced four leaflets as a basis for 
discussion. 

Regional Committees have as usual continued to do most useful work 
on an informal basis. 62 students attended the Annual Conference of the 
Scottish Council. They were addressed by Philip Noel Baker, M.P., and 
then divided into five study groups to debate particular aspects of dis- 
armament. Congratulations are due to Jenny Auld on her first conference 
as Secretary of the Scottish Fabian Societies, which coincided with her year 
of office as Chairman of the Scottish Council of the Labour Party. About 40 
Fabians attended the Northern Regional School at Durham on the subject of 
Local Government and the Welfare State, taken by Brian Abel-Smith. After 
ten years of work for the Society as Secretary of the Northern Regional 



79th annual report 17 

Committee, Mabel McMillan has resigned, although she is carrying on 
until a successor is found. She has also served for 11 years as Secretary 
of the Tees-side Fabian Society. We should like to thank her for all she 
has done for Fabians in the north. The London Region has held a series 
of meetings on Living, Working, and Travelling in Central London. There 
has been a revival of the Region in the North-west, where Mrs. Harriet 
Davidson of Liverpool Fabian Society is the new Secretary and where plans 
for research work on a regional basis are being considered. In the South- 
west, Berta Sacof as Secretary has continued with an annual meeting in 
Bristol and a summer meeting at Penscot, near Bath. 

During the year, two series of Regional Lectures were held. The first, 
in the autumn, were held at Bradford, Leeds and Nottingham, the speakers 
being Mark Abrams, James McCoU, Arthur Skeffington, John Parker, H. J. 
Boyden and Anthony Wedgwood Benn. The title of this series was Socialism 
and our Society. The Spring series took place at Cardiff and Gloucester 
under the general title of Problems Britain Faces, with Eirlys Roberts, 
Douglas Jay, Sydney Jacobson and Michael Shanks as speakers. Over 500 
attended the two series of lectures. 



PEOPLE 

Local Societies have lost a great friend by the recent death of Donald 
Alger, who when Propaganda Officer of the Labour Party, gave unstinted 
help and advice on the formation and strengthening of Local Societies, and 
continued to give help and support as Northern Region Officer of the 
Labour Party. 

We also record with regret the death of Percy Brodhurst, for many 
years a member of the Executive Committee of the Birmingham Fabian 
Society. When the Local Society was reconstituted in 1944, he became its 
first Chairman. 

After nearly ten years as Secretary of the Stockport Fabian Society 
Harry Lees has resigned, and we thank him for all he has done during that 
period. 

We are happy to record the Parliamentary success of two members 
of the Committee, Bill Rodgers and Dick Taverne, and of three active local 
society members, Arthur Bottomley, Tam Dalyell (formerly Secretary of 
Edinburgh Fabian Society) and Dr. Jeremy Bray, and hope for continued 
help from them in spreading the growth and influence of local societies. 

The General Secretary has visited Birmingham, Norwich, Ruskin Col- 
lege, the Central London School at The Hallams, Guildford, and took a 
meeting in Porthcawl. 

The Assistant General Secretary, Tom Ponsonby, has visited Epsom, 
Frome, Liverpool, North Berks., Preston, Redhill, South-east London and 
Streatham, and taken meetings in South-east Essex and Dorking, which should 
result in new societies. 



18 FABIAN SOCIETY 

RESEARCH 

A questionnaire prepared by Jim Boyden on The Training of Young 
Workers has been welcomed by Local Societies and replies so far received 
have come from 12 Societies. 

Peggy Crane is now working on a Discussion Guide on Participation 
in Democracy, based on her talk and other discussions at the Oxford Con- 
ference. 

CONCLUSION 

The administrative side of the task of assisting Locai Societies has been 
greatly aided by the help given by Tom Ponsonby. Expansion in the 
number of societies is generally dependent in the first instance on an 
approach by letter, and we have suffered in the past year from a shortage 
of clerical help. We are indebted to Mrs. Ritchie for her work in the 
office, and we welcome voluntary help from Marjorie Durbin, who is now 
engaged in revising the speakers' panel. 

Looking back on the year, Local Societies have well maintained a wide 
range of useful political and educational work. The Scottish Council, 
Brighton, East London and several other groups have had some of their 
most successful gatherings. In some areas there would be little or no general 
socialist discussion but for the local society, and no machinery for interest- 
ing those who are sympathetic but not yet members of the Labour Party. 
The 70 Societies also ensure that Fabian work and literature are known 
outside London. 

The main work of the Committee has been to consider how Local 
Societies can make an effective contribution to the work of the Local Labour 
Party, and in particular to concentrate on some political ideas sometimes 
neglected. Among events organised by the Committee to this end were: 

(i) A discussion on ' Political Purpose in Local Research ' by Peggy 
Crane at a meeting on the morning of the Society's A.G.M. 

(ii) The Local Societies Oxford Conference, 31st March/ 1st April, on 
' Participation in Democracy,' with H. J. Boyden as Director, Arthur 
Skeffington as Chairman for the opening session, and Margaret Cole, Peggy 
Crane, John OUis, Peter Townsend and Frank Pickstock as speakers. 
Societies represented included Birmingham, Bradford, Derby, Epsom, 
Fulham and Hammersmith, Glasgow, Gloucester, Grimsby, Maidstone, 
Manchester, Meopham, Stafford, Streatham and Sutton. Apart from encour- 
aging interest in local research we hope that this autumn Local Societies 
will prepare for the General Election by considering how national issues 
should be dealt with locally. 



79th annual report 19 



OBITUARY 

We greatly regret the loss of many distinguished and loyal members 
in the past year, among them two great Fabians: HUGH DALTON and 
R. H. TAWNEY. Dalton's association with the Society began before 
the First World War; he was mentioned by Beatrice Webb in 1908 as one 
of the most promising of the young Fabians of Rupert Brooke's genera- 
tion. Dalton's outstanding talents were soon recognised. Member of Par- 
liament for Camberwell in 1924, he remained in the House of Commons 
until 1959, with one brief interval. Minister of Economic Warfare and 
President of the Board of Trade in the war-time coalition, Chancellor of the 
Exchequer and later Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister 
of Town and Country Planning in the Labour Governments, Hugh Dalton 
remained loyal to the Fabian Society all his life. He lectured often at 
Summer Schools and brought many brilliant younger men into the Society. 

At the age of 81, R. H. Tawney died in January. Without doubt 
he must be reckoned among the greatest historians of this century, and 
along with Shaw and the Webbs among its greatest Socialist thinkers. 
Genial and generous hearted, he lived his Socialism, and left as his legacy 
to the British Labour Movement innumerable men and women inspired 
by his vision of Equality to repudiate the shabbiness of the Acquisitive 
Society. Through his books, through his work as a drafbman for the 
Labour Party Executive and for the Workers' Education Association 
Tawney expounded his principles to many thousands. He served on the 
Fabian Executive Committee from 1921 to 1934. 

FRANK HORRABIN, the left-wing Sociahst and pillar of 'indepen- 
dent ' working-class education, combined personal charm with a passionate 
devotion to the cause of subject peoples and great gifts as journalist and 
draughtsman. He was a founder member of the New Fabian Research 
Bureau and of the Colonial Bureau, of which he was chairman during five 
crucial years after 1945 ; but many will remember him as the creator of 
the Noah family in cartoon, or the imaqinitive atlas-maker and illustrator 
of Well's Outline of History. He was M.P. for Peterborough from 1929 
to 1931, and on the Fabian Executive from 1946 to 1948. Another ex-M.P. 
was J. R. THOMAS, who sat for Dover in the 1945 Parliament. LORD 
WINSTER was Chairman of the Colonial Bureau Committee for Study of 
Co-operation in the Colonies from 1942 to 1944, he was the Minister of 
Civil Aviation who created London Airport and later was Governor of 
Cyprus. 

An active Fabian, who went to Denmark with the Fabian Summer 
School last year, was MAJOR R. N. HALES. Director of Welfare at the 
War Office during the war. He stood for Pariiament in the elections of 
1945. 1951 and 1955. MISS I. AINGER was a member for nearly fifty years, 
having joined in 1915. WILL LEWCOCK was a Northern Region Organiser 



20 FABIAN SOCIETY 

for the Labour Party and a member of theTyneside Fabian Society for many 
years. Another old member to die was F. E. OWEN, who joined the 
Society in 1907 and was for a time secretary of the Portsmouth Fabian 
Society. Among members who were active in local societies was PERCY 
BRODHURST, first Chairman of the Birmingham Society, when it was 
reconstructed in 1944, and MISS MARIAN BILLSON, a solicitor with a 
substantial practice in Croydon. In 1945 she was Labour Candidate for the 
old Croydon North Constituency and narrowly missed winning this Tory 
stronghold by 607 votes. She took a keen interest in the local Fabian 
Society, of which she was at one time Chairman, and many of its most 
successful events took place in her fine house and garden. E. LIONEL 
COOKE was a life-long Fabian, and one of the earliest members of the 
Labour Party. A friend of H. G. Wells, he visited the U.S.S.R. shortly 
after the Revolution. In recent years, he lived at Brighton. 

We also have to record with great regret the loss of H. R. M. CHAM- 
BERLAIN of Worthing, ARTHUR COOPER of Fulham, Mrs. M. C. 
GILLETT of Street, Somerset, E. G. HOBBS of Petersfield, W. R. JOHN- 
SON of Hampstead, J. N. MACKIE of Highgate, HARVEY MOORE of 
Ashford, Kent, A. REINGAND of Dunstable, H. S. RICHARDS of 
Twickenham, Miss M. TUBBS of London, J. WILSON of Weston-super- 
Mare, and A. W. WISHART. 



79th annual report 21 

HONORARY TREASURER'S REPORT 

Once again the loyalty of our members and the generosity of our donors 
have enabled us to pay our way. Subscriptions have increased by nearly 
£500 in the year under review and this has enabled us to meet heavier 
salary rates, stationery, telephone bills and so on. It has also been possible 
to spend a substantial sum on redecorating and repairing the Society's 
offices, a job that badly needed doing. 

Though not quite up to the 1960 level, bookshop receipts have again 
been well maintained. Every Fabian who orders his books and journals 
through the Society's bookshop is helping the Society to expand and improve 
its research, while assuring himself of excellent service. This is one way in 
which many members could be of help at no additional cost to themselves. 

The drive to recruit new members, both individuals and organisations, 
has continued during the year, and every effort is made to publicise Fabian 
pamphlets and to extend their sales. Here again, suggestions from Fabians 
of potential members, or of new outlets for pamphlet sales, will be most 
welcome. 

Many trade unions and several Trusts have once again made generous 
grants and donations to the Society which enable its work to continue. I 
would like to thank the Passfield Trust, the Sara Hall Trust and the Noel 
Buxton Trust. The Transport and General Workers' Union and the Trades 
Union Congress we are most grateful to, for their contributions to the 
Commonwealth Bureau. I would also like to express our warm thanks to 
the National Union of General and Municipal Workers, National Union 
of Mineworkers (through its areas). Union of Shop, Distributive and Allied 
Workers, Amalgamated Engineering Union, Union of Post Office Workers, 
National Union of Public Employees, Transport Salaried Staff Association, 
National Federation of Building Trades Operatives, Confederation of Health 
Service Employees, Amalgamated Weavers Association, Sheet Metal Workers 
Society, National Union of Boot and Shoe Operatives, Musicians Union and 
the National Union of Agricultural Workers. 

The activities of the Society again totalled (net) approximately £10,000. 
broken down as follows: — 





1961/62 


1960/61 


1959/60 




£ 


£ 


£ 


Commonwealth Bureau 


3,250 


3,000 


3,250 


International Bureau 


1,250 


1,250 


1,250 


Home Research 


3,500 


4,000 


3,800 


Bookshop 


750 


500 


450 


Schools, etc. . . 


1,250 


1,250 


1,250 




£10,000 


£10,000 


£10,000 



22 FABIAN SOCIETY 

Last year 1 had occasion to refer to the difficulties resulting from lack 
of continuity in our staff. How pleasant it is to record this year by way of 
contrast that two of our most valued members have completed ten years 
in the Society's service — Gladys Cremer and Ben Humpage. Tom Ponsonby 
has, in a short time, established himself thoroughly as a most competent 
Assistant General Secretary, and Shirley Williams continues to excite the 
admiration of everyone who is aware of the memorable manner in which 
she manages her manifold — as well as her maternal — responsibilities. 

Mr. J. Ian Robertson of Messrs. Pegg, Robertson and Co. has once 
again generously undertaken the job of being the Honorary Auditor, and 
I am most grateful to him for his help. 

JOHN DIAMOND. 



24 



FABIAN SOCIETY 

BALANCE SHEET AS 



1128 

3118 

2844 



LIABILITIES 
Sundry Funds: 

Edward Bequest Fund 
Scholarship Fund 
Women's Group Fund 
L.S.C. Development Fund 
Pease Fund ... 



Sundry Creditors 
Bank Overdraft 



f s. d. 

1000 

12 9 

9 8 10 

48 6 6 

72 5 



s. d. 



1142 9 4 



3174 17 9 
2937 14 7 



7090 



£7255 i 



We have examined the Accounts of the Fabian Society for the year ended 
tion and explanations we have required. We certify that the Balance Sheet above 
state of the Society's affairs according to the best of our information and the 

\Slh September, 1962. 
Eldon Street House, 

Eldon Street, London. E.C.2. 



1961 

£ 

6864 

240 

120 

89 
652 

70 
491 
196 
837 

9559 

475 
206 

681 
1535 

123 
111 

234 
46 

12055 



REVENUE ACCOUNT FOR THE 



EXPENDITURE 
Administrative Expenses: 

Salaries and Allowances 

State Insurance 

Pension 

Travel and Entertainment 

General Oflice Expenses 

Research Expenses 

General Stationery 

Telephone 

Postage 



Establishment Charges: 

Rates, Lighting. Heating Income Tax 
Maintenance and Cleaning 



Publications— Free Issues 
Other Expenses: 

Interest on Overdraft 
Affiliation Fees 



Balance being Surplus for Year 



f s. d. 

7206 11 4 

251 18 9 

120 

84 8 8 

514 7 6 

100 

550 10 

255 3 7 

831 13 3 



504 5 7 
451 16 9 



117 4 3 
110 15 



9914 3 11 

956 2 4 

1659 11 8 

227 19 3 

103 14 6 

£12861 11 8 



79th annual report 



25 



AT 30th JUNE, 1962 



19bl 


ASSETS 


£ s. 


d. 


£ 


£ 


Fixed Assets: 
Freehold Property 

Bernard Shaw"s Gift Fund (not valued) 








329 


Furniture 


328 18 


4 




85 


Library 


85 


U 


413 


414 










Current Assets: 








2110 


Stock 


1557 15 


^ 




2412 


Debtors 


3256 16 


u 




71 


Cash 


47 16 


11 





2083 



7090 



Accumulated Deficit 

Balance at 1st July, 1961 



2082 9 8 



Deduct: Excess of Income over Expenditure 103 14 6 



4862 8 2 



1978 15 2 
£7255 1 8 



30th June. 1962. with the books and vouchers. We have obtained all the informa- 
set forth is properly drawn up so as to exhibit a true and correct view of the 
explanations given to us and as shown by the Society's books. 

PEGG, ROBERTSON & CO., 

Chartered Accountants. 



YEAR ENDED 30th JUNE, 1962 



1961 


INCOME 


4554 


Subscriptions 
Donations: 




2548 


General and Spec 


al 


3000 


Dartmouth Street 


Trust 


5 


Local Societies Committee 


5553 


Other Income 




72 


Royalties 




21 


Advertising 




1154 


Bookshop 




301 


Functions 




400 


Rents Receivable 




1948 






— 


Research Grant 





£ s. d. £ s. d. 
5051 4 10 

2581 5 11 
3250 
1 11 6 
5832 17 5 



42 19 3 

10 10 

1149 10 

251 2 

423 10 



1877 9 5 
100 



12055 



£12861 11 8 



FABIAN SOCIEIY 



APPENDIX A 

MEMBERS OF MAIN COMMITTEES 

(As at 30th June, 1962) 

Finance and General Purposes Committee 

John Diamond (Chairman), Dr. Brian Abel-Smith. A. Wedgwood Benn. 
Mrs. Margaret Cole. Lord Faringdon, H. D. Hughes, Reginald Prentice. M.P., 
W. T. Rodgers. M.P., Arthur Skeffington, M.P., Mrs. Mary Stewart. 

Home Research Committee 

H. D. Hughes (Chairman), Dr. Brian Abel-.Smith. Austen Albu. M.P.. 
Dr. Thomas Balogh. Denis Bell. H. J. Boyden. M.P.. Tyrrell Burgess. Mrs. 
Margaret Cole, D. V. Donnison. Richard Evely. Lord Faringdon. Dr. Peter Hall. 
John Hughes, Mrs. Anne Jackson. Mrs. Peggy Jay. James MacCoU. M.P.. D. L. 
Munby. Lionel Murray, Robert Neild. Richard Pryke. Tony Rees. R. D. V. 
Roberts. J. R. Sargent. Michael Shanks. Peter Shore. Mrs. Mary .Stewart. Peter 
Townsend, John Vaizey. 

Commonwealth Bureau Committee 

Rt. Hon. A. Creech Jones. M.P. (Chairman). Dennis Austin. Dr. Thomas 
Balogh, T. F. Betts, David Blelloch. Rt. Hon. John Dugdale. M.P..i Lord 
Faringdon, John Hatch. Stephen Hatch. Denis Healey, M.P.. Dr. Rita Hinden. 
Catherine Hoskyns, Carol Johnson, M.P.. James Johnson, P. J. N. Mugerwa. 
Marjorie Nicholson, Hella Pick, Lady Selwyn-Clarke. Derrick Sington, R. VV. 
Sorensen. M.P.. George Thomson, M.P., Eirene White, M.P.. Elaine Windrich. 

Internationa! Bureau Committee 

Anthony Wedgwood Benn (Chairman). Richard Bone. Ian Campbell. David 
Ennals, Lord Faringdon. Denis Healey, M.P.. Colin Jackson. T. E. M. 
McKitterick. Derrick Sington, Hugh Thomas. George Thomson. M.P.. Eric Wolff. 
Richard WoUheim. Wayland Young. Rt. Hon. Kenneth Younger. 

Local Societies Committee 

Arthur Skeffington. M.P. (Chairman). George Thomson. M.P.. H. J. Boyden. 
M.P. (Vice-Chairmen). Mrs. Margaret Cole, Mrs. Peggy Crane. Dr. John Dore. 
Stewart Greenstreet. John Greve. Colin Jackson. Mrs. -Svbil Jeger. James John- 
son, J. P. M. Millar. Leif Mills. Gabriel Newfield. R. C. Prentice. M.P.. W. T. 
Rodgers, M.P., David Steele. Mrs. Mary Stewart. John Taylor, and Regional 
and Area representatives. 

Schools Committee 

Reg. Prentice, M.P. (Chairman). Penelope Balchin. Gordon Borrie, Michael 
Fores. Anne Glennerster. Stuart Green. Mrs. .Sybil Jeger. Lisl Klein, Alison 
Lough, Duncan Smith. George Thomson. M.P.. Philip Thurman. Nigel Weaver. 



79th annual report 27 

APPENDIX B 

HONORARY SECRETARIES OF REGIONAL AND AREA COMMITTEES 

OF LOCAL FABIAN SOCIETIES 

(As at 30th September, 1962) 

Scotland: Miss Jenny Auld, 72. Somerville Drive, East Kilbride, Glasgow. 
Northern: Mr. Colin Gray, 8, Gretton Place, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 7. 
Yorkshire: Mrs. W. B. Walker, 6, Heath Villas. Halifax, Yorkshire. 
West Midlands: Mr. C. W. Campling, 14a, Lillington Avenue, Leamington Spa, 

Warwickshire. 
East Midlands: Mrs. B. N. Baxter, 46, Caledon Road, Sherwood, Nottmgham. 
South Wales: Miss Gwyneth Morgan, J.P., 27, Morlais Street, Roath Park. 

Cardiff. 
South-West : Mrs. B. Sacof, 24, Ormerod Road, Bristol, 9. 
Surrey: Mrs. Betty Vernon, 88, Benhill Wood Road, Sutton, Surrey. 
KEt-n-: Mr. K. W.' May, 214, High Street, Tonbridge, Kent. 
London : Mr. Andrew Campbell, 56, Belsize Park. N.W.3. 

HONORARY SECRETARIES OF LOCAL FABLVN SOCIETIES 

(As at 30th September, 1962) 

Aberdeen: Mr. Andrew Robertson, 54. Devonshire Road, Aberdeen. 

Bangor: Mr. R. Thomas, Tanygraig, Newton Road, Llanberis. Caerns. 

Bath: Mr. L. Hornblower, 29, Forester Avenue, Bath. 

Bexley: Mr. A. L. Fisher, 114, Riefield Road, Eltham, S.E.9. 

Birmingham: Mrs. M. Jenkinson, 31. Ashfield Avenue, Kings Heath, Birming- 
ham, 14. . , 

Bishops Stortford: Mrs. J. M. Ditchfield. 27, Ward Crescent, Bishops Stort- 
ford. 

Bolton: Mr. E. Stebbing. 5, Ducie Avenue, Bolton, Lanes. 

Bradford: Mr. Roger Price, 10, Dracup Road, Great Horton, Bradford. 7. 

Braintree: Mr. P. Baldock, 91, Church Lane, Bocking, Braintree, Essex. 

Brighton: Mr. Glyn Jones. 1, Charlotte Street, Brighton, 7. 

Bristol: Mrs. Jeannette Britton, 17, Westbury Park, Durdham Down. Bristol, 6. 

Bromley: Dr. V. Udall, 16, Warren Avenue, Bromley, Kent. 

Cardiff: Miss D. Edwards. 65, Richmond Road, Cardiff. 

Central London: Mr. L. T. Sieve, 19, Old Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, W.C.2. 

Cheltenham: Miss E. V. Engvall, 9, Montpellier Parade, Cheltenham, Glos. 

Chesterfield : Mr. D. Webster. Labour Party Office, Broad Pavement, Chester- 
field. 

Clapham : Mrs. M. McKay, 6, Seymour House, Albion Avenue, S.W.8. 

Coventry: Mr. P. R. Jones, 26, Rosslyn Avenue, Coventry. 

Crawley: Mr. D. J. Davison, 19, Burns Road, Pound Hill, Crawley, Sussex. 

Croydon : Miss P. Bloomfield, 3, Theobald Road, West Croydon. 

Darlington: Mr. J. R. Cherry, 166. West Auckland Road. Darlington, Co. 
Durham. 

Derby: Mrs. B. Guthrie, 144, Manor Road, Derby. 

Dundee: Mr. K. R. Hutchings, 15, Elgin Street, Dundee. 

Durham: Mr J. Colin Hall, 1, Neville's Cross Villas, Durham City. 

Eastbourne: Miss Mary McKimmie, 54, King's Drive, Eastbourne. 

East Kilbride: Miss Jennie Auld, 72, Somerville Drive, East Kilbride, Glasgow. 

East London: Mr. J. Reardon, 5, Charles Booth House. El. 

Edinburgh: Mr. Ian H. Simpson, 427, Queensferry Road, Edinburgh. 

Epsom: Mrs. M. Paskell, 107, Hookfield, Epsom, Surrey. 

Frome- Mr H. D. Smart. Karenza. Beechwood Avenue, Frome, Somerset. 



28 FABIAN SOCIETY 

FULHAM AND' HAMMERSMITH: Mr. C. H. Cohen. Studio 8, 412, Fulham Road, 
S.W.6. 

Glasgow: Mr. J. Craigen, 11, Millwood Street, Glasgow, S.l. 

Gloucester: Mr. F. B. Wilton, J. P., 4, Tuffley Lane, Gloucester. 

Greenock: Mr. Allan MacNicol, 40, Denholm Street, Greenock. 

Grimsby: Mr. and Mrs. J. Franklin, 10, Marklew Avenue, Grimsby. 

Halifax: Mr. P. D. Carr, 194, Keighley Road, lUingworth, Halifax, Yorks. 

Hartlepools: Cllr. R. Waller. 21, Crimdon Street, West Hartlenool. 

Huddersfield: Mrs. C. Thackray, Greenwoods. Reaphirst Road, Birkby, Hud- 
dersfield. 

Kilmarnock: Dr. J. Shanks, 34, Portland Road, Kilmarnock. 

Leeds: Miss M. Brett, la, AUerton Park, Leeds, 7. 

Lincoln: Mr. G. W. Wood, 28, Drake Street, Lincoln. 

Liverpool: Mrs. H. Davidson, 45, Beaconsfleld Road, Liverpool. 25. 

Maidstone: Mr. H. G. Alexander, Tower House, Staplehurst, Tonbridge, Kent. 

Malden: Dr. W. McCartney. 89, Arundel Road, Kingston-on-Thames, Surrey. 

Manchester : Mr. Tony Abrams, " Rivendell," Ley Lane, Marple Bridge, Stock- 
port. 

Meopham: Mrs. Joan Wood, Oast Hatch, Harvel. Nr. Gravesend, Kent. 

North Berks. : Mr. R. Lang, Icknield Way House, A.E.R.E., Harwell, nr. Didcot. 
Berks. 

North London: Mrs. Celia Gordon. 3, Lewis Flats, Amhurst Park, N.16. 

North-West Middlesex: Mr. C. B. King, The Heights, Northolt Park. Green- 
ford, Middlesex. 

Norwich: Mr. E. Hartley, 17, Stanley Avenue, Norwich. 

Nottingham: Mrs. R. Steele, 22, Selston Drive, WoUaton Park, Nottingham. 

Oxford: Mr. K. Holly, Cader, Abingdon Road, Dorchester-on-Thames, Oxon. 

Peterlee: Mr. F. Alderson, 1, Cranford Terrace, Easington Colliery, Easington. 
Co. Durham. 

Preston : Mrs. Littlefair, 28, Sheffield Drive, Lea, Preston. 

Redhill: Mr. S. Smith, 67, Colman Way, Redhill, Surrey. 

RuSKiN College: Mr. P. Potts, Ruskin College Hostel, The Rookery, Dunstan 
Road, Old Headington, Oxford. 

Salisbury: Mrs. A. Leonard, 5. Crane Bridge Road, Salisbury, Wilts. 

Sheffield: Miss Ivy Evison, 220, Carterknowle Road, Sheffield, 7. 

Slough : Mr. F. C. Evenett, 229f, High Street, Slough, Bucks. 

Southampton: Mr. W. A. Steam, 46, Wilton Crescent, Shirley, Southampton. 

Stafford: Mr. R. E. Mole, 291, Eccleshall Roid, Stafford. 

Stevenage : Mr. R. W. Bayley, 3, Keymsv/ell Road. Bandley Hill, Stevenage. 

Stockport: Mr. K. N. Jeffery, 7, Central Drive. Bramhall. Cheshire. 

Sunderland: Mr. G. W. Gardiner, 41, Westcliffe Road, Seaburn, Sunderland. 

Sutton: Mrs. Betty Vernon, 88, Benhill Wood Road, Sutton, Surrey. 

Swansea: Mrs. M. Jones, The Labour Hall. High Street, Swansea. 

Streatham : Mrs. B. Vcrden, 62 Downton Avenue, S.W.2. 

South-East Essex: Mr. T. P. Quinlan. 16, Westcliff Drive, Leigh-on-Sea, Essex. 

South-East Lonix)n: Mr. Efic Richards, 164, Lee High Road, S.E.I 3. 

Fees-side: Mrs. M. McMillan, The Haven, 37. Sycamore Road. Linthorpc. 
Middlesbrough. 

Tyneside : Mr. C. Gray, 8, Gretton Place, Newcast'e-upon-Tyne, 7. 

University of London: Mr. B. Dutton, c/o Spanish Dept., Birkbcck College. 
Malet Street, W.C.I. 

Walthamstow : Miss D. Wyld, 24, Bisterne Avenue. Walthamstow, E.17. 

Watford: Mrs. C. Dore, 7. Eastbury Road, Oxhcy, Herts. 

Wigan : Mr. C. Brown, Granary House. 17, Springpool, Winstanlcy, Nr. Wigan. 

Woking: Mrs. E. M. Ekserdjian, Knapwood House, Knaphill, Woking. Surrey. 

Wolverhampton: Mrs. O. Tragcn, 105, Yewtree Lane, The Wergs, Wolver- 
hampton. 

Wrexham : Mrs. K. Davies, Delfryn, Stryt Las, Rhos, Nr. Wrexham. 

York: Mr. Raymond Fairey, 10, llastingham Terrace, New Walk, Fulford Road, 
York. 



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